May 23, 2018

20 May 2018

Dear Editor,

Chief Executive of Hong Kong

May I introduce myself, I am Mr Tung LAM who is actively engaged in the practice of Medical Law with particular attention in end of life issue including Advance Directive and Voluntary Active Euthanasia in Hong Kong.


May 22, 2018

Tort Law

In common law jurisdiction, a civil wrong that causes someone else to suffer loss or harm resulting in legal liability for the person who commits the tortious act. The person who commits the act is called a tortfeasor.

Pros and Cons of the current system of Tort...

May 21, 2018

Public Interest

A common concern among citizens in the management and affairs of local, state, and national government. It does not mean mere curiosity but is a broad term that refers to the body politic and the public weal.

Proof of Intent

It refers to a person's state o...

May 20, 2018


Human rights to health means that everyone has the rights to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, which include access to all medical services, sanitation, adequate food, descent housing, healthy working conditions, and a clean env...

May 19, 2018

World Health Organization (WHO) 1948

Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

Advantages: aim is high, ideal and innovative

Limitations: vague, excessively broad, not measurable and impractica...

May 18, 2018

Two important codifications after 1947: Nuremberg Code and Helsinki Declaration.

Nuremberg Code 1947 (World War II)

After the Nuremberg trials, Nazi doctors were convicted of the crimes committed during human experiments on concentration camp prisoners. It attempted to g...

May 17, 2018


A probability or threat of damage, injury liability, loss, or any other negative occurrence that is caused by external or internal vulnerabilities, and that may be avoided through pre-emptive action. A risk is not an uncertainty.


It is where neither the p...

May 16, 2018

Legal independence is the core value of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). Laws and Regulations are indispensable parts of this core value. So, what is the difference between 'Law' and 'Regulation'?

Laws: The products of written statutes, passed by the...

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